1. The Big Three (Pack, Tent, and Sleeping Bag)
Selecting the right pack, tent, and sleeping bag can save you pounds of weight as some of your biggest gear items on your hike.
Focus on the right sized pack for your body and your type of hike. Most long-distance backpackers or thru-hikers that hike over two thousand miles in one season carry backpacks that are 60 liters or less. You don’t need a large pack to cover big miles. Most thru-hikers resupply about every five to seven days so there isn’t a need for super large packs. If you need specialized equipment like an ice-axe and micro spikes you can mail them ahead of time and pick them up later on in your hike instead of carrying them the whole time.
Select the right sized tent for you. If you are hiking alone, you will probably want to focus on getting a one person tent. Free standing tents or tents that don’t require stakes are typically heavier. Tents that use trekking poles instead of tent poles also tend to be lighter.
Select the right temperature-rated sleeping bag for your hike. Most thru-hikers choose a down sleeping bag rated between 15°F and 20°F. Carrying a bag with too much down fill will add more weight and also may be uncomfortable at night because you may get too hot depending on the climate you’re in.
2. Make your own eyeglasses case
By making your own glasses case you can easily save 3 ounces. The typical prescription eyeglasses case weighs around 4 ounces. A glasses case you can make will only weigh around an ounce.
3. Consider taking a smaller fuel canister
A smaller fuel canister will save you almost 6 ounces and when you run out of fuel, you can just resupply with another small canister instead of carrying a larger and heavier one from the beginning.
4. Ditch the heavy Nalgene type water bottles
A common mistake with new hikers is carrying Nalgene bottles. Nalgene bottles weigh about 5 ounces more than a Smartwater bottle that is cheap and one you can buy at almost any grocery store.
5. Carry a smaller, more practical knife
You don’t need a knife to take down a bear. Most long-distance backpackers and thru-hikers carry a small knife like the Swiss Army Classic SD pocket knife that is lightweight and has a lot of functions including a main blade, tweezers, scissors, toothpick, and file. You can easily save 4 to 5 ounces by selecting the lighter, smaller knife.
6. Ditch the large lighter
The small Bic Mini can provide over 2,000 lights and can easily last for an entire 5-6 month hike. It will also save you about 0.4 ounces when compared to the large Bic lighter. Even fractions of ounces add up, so it’s something to consider.
7. Only carry a bear canister when needed
You should restrict the use of the bear canister only to areas where it is needed and required. Many people like carrying a bear canister out of a sense of fear and wanting to be extra cautious. Carrying a bear canister when you don’t need it will add about 2 or more pounds of extra unnecessary weight to your pack.
8. Plan out your food carefully
It’s important to plan out your meals. Carrying a lot of extra meals because you didn’t plan correctly just adds unnecessary weight.
As you hike more and figure out how much you eat each day, you will begin to figure out how much food you need to carry.
9. Think of “double uses”, My Favorite Weight Saving Tip!
Look for items that are used for more than just one use. For example a knife that has tweezers and scissors is not just a knife. Trekking poles can also be used as tent poles. A down jacket can turn into a pillow. A pot lid can be used as a plate. A cooking pot can be used as a measuring cup. When items are used for multiple uses it saves weight and space. This is one of the best weight saving tips. You will likely get addicted to this one!
10. Constantly evaluate your gear and ditch the things you don’t use
You should constantly reevaluate your gear to make sure you actually need to carry all of it. If you haven’t used that personal solar shower you picked up in a hiker box for a few weeks, it might be time to put it in the next hiker box you see. Removing stuff from your pack is the easiest way to reduce pack weight and it doesn’t cost a dime
These 10 hiking tips should help you on your way to cutting your pack weight. It’s important to keep an open mind when reevaluating your gear.
Determining your needs and wants is probably one of the hardest parts of thru-hiking or long-distance backpacking.